Undocumented: Available to all Intel x86 processors Useful in production source code. AAD Flags: ASCII Adjust before Division +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +----------+----------+ |O|D|I|T|S|Z|A|P|C| | 11010101 | DATA | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +----------+----------+ |+| | | |+|+|+|+|+| | D5 | IMM8 | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ +----------+----------+
This instruction is the multiplication counterpart to AAM. As is the case with AAM, AAD uses the second byte as an operand. This operand is the multiplicand for AAD. Like AAM, AAD provides a way to execute a MUL IMM8 that is unavailable through any other means in the CPU. Unlike MUL, or IMUL, AAD sets all of the CPU status flags according to the result. Intel states that the Overflow Flag (OF), Auxiliary carry Flag (AF), and Carry Flag (CF) are undefined. This assertion is incorrect. These flags are fully defined, and are set consistently with respect to any other integer operations. And again, like AMM, beginning with the Pentium, Intel has finally acknowledged the existence of the second byte of this instruction as its operand. Intel says:
"Note: imm8 has the value of the instruction's second byte. The second byte under normally assembly [sic] of this instruction will be 0A, however, explicit modification of this byte will result in the operation described above and may alter results."
This instruction exists in this form on all Intel x86 processors. See the file AAD.ASM for diagnostics source code for this instruction.
Get description of [AAM] [SALC] [ICEBP] [UMOV] [LOADALL] New P6 OpCodes [CMOV] [FCMOV] [FCOMI] [RDPMC] [INT01] [SALC] [UD2]
Download this file -- OpCodes.ZIP